Saunders, D., Clegg, H., Roe, C. A. and Smith, G. D. (2017) Exploring the role of need for cognition, field independence and locus of control on the incidence of lucid dreams during a 12 week induction study. Dreaming. 1053-0797. (Accepted)
Saunders, D., Clegg, H., Roe, C. A. and Smith, G. D.
This article reports an investigation of two proposed theories, the predispositional and experiential, regarding the association of personality variables to lucid dreaming incidence during a 12-week lucid dreaming induction programme. The study found no differences between those who did and did not report lucid dreams during the programme on baseline measures of Field Independence, Locus of Control or Need for Cognition. There was an observed significant change towards a Field Independent orientation between baseline and post tests for those successful at inducing a lucid dream; with no statistically significant differences for either Locus of Control or Need for Cognition. Results suggest that Field Independence may not be a predispositional characteristic for the successful induction of lucid dreaming, but an experiential result of having lucid dream experiences. We conclude that experiences within a dream state may have appreciable effects on waking cognition.
Lucid dreaming; induction; field independence; locus of control; need for cognition