Northampton Electronic Collection of Theses and Research

Biochemical characterization of patients with in-frame or out-of-frame DMD deletions pertinent to Exon 44 or 45 skipping

Anthony, K., Arechavala-Gomeza, V., Ricotti, V., Torelli, S., Feng, L., Janghra, N., Tasca, G., Guglieri, M., Barresi, R., Armaroli, A., Ferlini, A., Bushby, K., Straub, V., Ricci, E., Sewry, C., Morgan, J. and Muntoni, F. (2014) Biochemical characterization of patients with in-frame or out-of-frame DMD deletions pertinent to Exon 44 or 45 skipping. JAMA Neurology. 71(1), pp. 32-40. 2168-6149.

Item Type: Article
Abstract: Importance: In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the reading frame of an out-of-frame DMD deletion can be repaired by antisense oligonucleotide (AO)–mediated exon skipping. This creates a shorter dystrophin protein, similar to those expressed in the milder Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). The skipping of some exons may be more efficacious than others. Patients with exon 44 or 45 skippable deletions (AOs in clinical development) have a less predictable phenotype than those skippable for exon 51, a group in advanced clinical trials. A way to predict the potential of AOs is the study of patients with BMD who have deletions that naturally mimic those that would be achieved by exon skipping. Objective: To quantify dystrophin messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression in patients with DMD deletions treatable by, or mimicking, exon 44 or 45 skipping. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective study of nondystrophic controls (n = 2), patients with DMD (n = 5), patients with intermediate muscular dystrophy (n = 3), and patients with BMD (n = 13) at 4 university-based academic centers and pediatric hospitals. Biochemical analysis of existing muscle biopsies was correlated with the severity of the skeletal muscle phenotype. Main Outcomes and Measures: Dystrophin mRNA and protein expression. Results: Patients with DMD who have out-of-frame deletions skippable for exon 44 or 45 had an elevated number of revertant and trace dystrophin expression (approximately 19% of control, using quantitative immunohistochemistry) with 4 of 9 patients presenting with an intermediate muscular dystrophy phenotype (3 patients) or a BMD-like phenotype (1 patient). Corresponding in-frame deletions presented with predominantly mild BMD phenotypes and lower dystrophin levels (approximately 42% of control) than patients with BMD modeling exon 51 skipping (approximately 80% of control). All 12 patients with in-frame deletions had a stable transcript compared with 2 of 9 patients with out-of-frame deletions (who had intermediate muscular dystrophy and BMD phenotypes). Conclusions and Relevance: Exon 44 or 45 skipping will likely yield lower levels of dystrophin than exon 51 skipping, although the resulting protein is functional enough to often maintain a mild BMD phenotype. Dystrophin transcript stability is an important indicator of dystrophin expression, and transcript instability in DMD compared with BMD should be explored as a potential biomarker of response to AOs. This study is beneficial for the planning, execution, and analysis of clinical trials for exon.
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics > QH438.7 Human genetics
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC925 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system > RC935.M7 Muscular dystrophy
Creators: Anthony, Karen, Arechavala-Gomeza, Virginia, Ricotti, Valeria, Torelli, Silvia, Feng, Lucy, Janghra, Narinder, Tasca, Giorgio, Guglieri, Michela, Barresi, Rita, Armaroli, Annarita, Ferlini, Alessandra, Bushby, Katherine, Straub, Volker, Ricci, Enzo, Sewry, Caroline, Morgan, Jennifer and Muntoni, Francesco
Publisher: American Medical Association
Faculties, Divisions and Institutes: University Faculties, Divisions and Research Centres - OLD > Research Centre > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Ageing Research Centre
University Faculties, Divisions and Research Centres - OLD > Faculty of Health & Society > Sports, Exercise & Life Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Health & Society > Sports, Exercise & Life Sciences
Research Centres > Centre for Health Sciences and Services
Research Centres > Centre for Physical Activity and Life Sciences
Date: January 2014
Date Type: Publication
Page Range: pp. 32-40
Journal or Publication Title: JAMA Neurology
Volume: 71
Number: 1
Language: English
ISSN: 2168-6149
Status: Published / Disseminated

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