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Plant community composition and attributes reveal conservation implications for newly created grassland on capped landfill sites

Rahman, M. L., Tarrant, S., McCollin, D. and Ollerton, J. (2013) Plant community composition and attributes reveal conservation implications for newly created grassland on capped landfill sites. Journal for Nature Conservation. 21(4), pp. 198-205. 1617-1381.

Item Type: Article
Abstract: Biodiversity conservation through restoring degraded habitats or creating new habitats is advocated in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan. Restored grasslands on capped landfill sites are semi-natural habitats that could potentially support a wide range of plant communities. However, it is unknown whether these re-created habitats represent a significant resource in terms of biodiversity conservation. The UK National Vegetation Classification (NVC) was used to study these communities on nine restored capped landfill sites together with paired reference sites in the East Midlands region of the UK during 2007. Plant species data were collected by random quadrats along two 100 m transects from each site. The effects of restoration were investigated by examining plant attributes and Ellenberg indicators on restored landfill sites in comparison to paired reference sites. A total of 170 plant species were found from both sets of sites. There were no significant differences for most of the plant attributes between restored landfill sites and reference sites, though reference sites had significantly higher mean frequencies of native plants, nationally decreasing species and perennial species. In total 26 broad NVC community types were identified of which more than 70% fell within mesotrophic grassland (MG). The diversity of NVC communities confirms that underlying environmental factors such as soil fertility are important, dictating the type of plant communities that exist. It is recommended that management of these capped landfill sites should be targeted towards specific NVC community types to meet conservation targets
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vegetation, NVC, restoration, grassland, landfill sites
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH540 Ecology > QH541.15 Biodiversity
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75.A1 Nature conservation
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH540 Ecology > QH541.5.P7 Grassland ecology
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD783 Municipal refuse. Solid wastes > TD791 Refuse and refuse disposal > TD795.7 Landfills
Creators: Rahman, Md Lutfor, Tarrant, Sam, McCollin, Duncan and Ollerton, Jeff
Publisher: Elsevier
Faculties, Divisions and Institutes: Faculties > Faculty of Arts, Science & Technology > Environmental Science
Date: August 2013
Date Type: Publication
Page Range: pp. 198-205
Journal or Publication Title: Journal for Nature Conservation
Volume: 21
Number: 4
Language: English
ISSN: 1617-1381
Status: Published / Disseminated

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