Northampton Electronic Collection of Theses and Research

Elite/novice athlete's imagery use in open/closed sports

Arvinen-Barrow, M., Weigand, D., Thomas, S. and Hemmings, B. (2007) Elite/novice athlete's imagery use in open/closed sports. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 19(1), pp. 93-104. 1041-3200.

Item Type: Article
Abstract: Very little research has investigated differences in imagery use between open-and closed-skill sports. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of competitive level (elite/novice) and skill-type (open/closed) on athletes' imagery use. A total of 83 British athletes (39 elite, 44 novice) from open-(n = 40: 23 rugby; 17 martial arts) and closed-skill (n = 43: 28 golf; 15 figure skating) sports completed the Sport Imagery Questionnaire no more than 24 hours prior to competition. MANOVA revealed that main effects due to competitive level and skill-type were significant (p < .05). Univariate analyses revealed that elite athletes used more CS and CG imagery than novices (p < .001), and contrary to previous research findings, athletes in open-skilled sports used more MG-A imagery than those in closed-skill sports (p < .001). Overall, MG-M was the most used imagery type, regardless of competitive level and skill-type. The results are discussed in terms of methodological difficulties, future research, and practical implications.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sport imagery, SIQ, open and closed sports
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation. Leisure > GV706 Sports psychology
Creators: Arvinen-Barrow, Monna, Weigand, D, Thomas, S and Hemmings, Brian
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Faculties, Divisions and Institutes: University Faculties, Divisions and Research Centres - OLD > Faculty of Health & Society > Sports, Exercise & Life Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Health & Society > Sports, Exercise & Life Sciences
Date: 1 January 2007
Date Type: Publication
Page Range: pp. 93-104
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Applied Sport Psychology
Volume: 19
Number: 1
Language: English
ISSN: 1041-3200
Status: Published / Disseminated
Refereed: Yes

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