Northampton Electronic Collection of Theses and Research

The British state and the natural environment: with special reference to the Alkali Inspectorate, circa 1860-1906

Garwood, C. (1998) The British state and the natural environment: with special reference to the Alkali Inspectorate, circa 1860-1906. Doctoral thesis. University of Leicester.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Abstract: The central intention of this thesis is to analyse a body of Victorian legislation, which was enacted to control atmospheric pollution by the chemical industry. Its concern is predominately with enforcement, and the principal aim is to assess the role and effectiveness of the British State and its agencies in this respect. The major focus is a somewhat neglected body of legislation - the Alkali Acts of 1863-1906. These initiated the State regulation of noxious emissions from the early heavy chemical (alkali) industry, and set up a central government body, the Alkali Inspectorate, to this end. The major focus is the ability of Victorian institutions to formulate and implement environmental reforms, especially those which necessitated the increased control of industrial behaviour. It will explore the enforcement and decision making processes, assessing how priorities were set and whose interests were served. Furthermore, it examines the influence of economic, legislative, social, ideological and political factors upon inspection and prosecution. This study also assess whether the control of industrial atmospheric pollution was the consequence of a Victorian regulationist fervour or an example of utilitarian concern with environmental degradation. The main body of the thesis is constituted by chapters on biography, the fiscal context and enforcement. These themes are drawn together by an assessment of the extent and effect of various constraints upon the Alkali Inspectorate. Throughout, some vital comparisons and contrasts with the inspectorates of factories and mines are made, in order to gauge State support for the Alkali Inspectorate. This assessment of the effectiveness of the Alkali Inspectorate and the legislation which created it, facilitates broader insights into the relationship between the State and industry and the extent of State intervention in nineteenth-century Britain
Additional Information: This University of Northampton thesis was validated by the University of Leicester
Subjects: K Law > KD England and Wales > KD3372 Environmental law
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain > DA550 Victorian era, 1837-1901
Creators: Garwood, Christine
Department: School of Social Sciences > Theses
Faculties, Divisions and Institutes: University Faculties, Divisions and Research Centres - OLD > Faculty of Health & Society > Theses (Health & Society)
University Faculties, Divisions and Research Centres - OLD > School of Social Sciences (to 2016) > Theses
Date: 1998
Date Type: Completion
Language: English
Status: Unpublished
Institution: University of Leicester

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