Northampton Electronic Collection of Theses and Research

The mechanism of action of a citrus oil blend against Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis

Fisher, K. and Phillips, C. A. (2009) The mechanism of action of a citrus oil blend against Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis. Journal Of Applied Microbiology. 106(4), pp. 1343-1349. 1364-5072.

Item Type: Article
Abstract: Aims: The aim was to explore the mechanisms by which a blend of orange (citrus sinensis) : bergamot (citrus bergamia) (1:1 v/v) EO (essential oil) (2% v/v) and its vapour (15mg 1 -1 air) brings about its antimicrobial effect against Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis). Methods and Results: Cells were exposed to the blend in oil or vapour form in a sealed unit. Membrane permability was measured using a NPN assay and intra and extracellular ATP concentrations were assessed using luminescence. Assays using 3,3-dipropylthiacarbocyanine and caroxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester measured membrane potential and intracellular pH changes. TEM images of treated cells indicate morphological differences and show the possible uptake of the EO into the cell. After cells were exposed to EO or vapour, cell permeability increased by x2 and x40 respectively. A decrease of 1.5 in intracellular pH, 20 a.u. in membrane potential and 18 pmol mg -1 protein of intracellular ATP occurred. Conclusions: The EO blend affects the cell membrane and cell homeostasis resulting in inhibition of growth or cell death. Significance and Impact of the Study: Understanding the mechanisms by which EOs bring about their antibacterial effect could lead to an alternative to chemical-based bactericides for use against Enterococcus sp.
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR75 Bacteria
Creators: Fisher, Katie and Phillips, Carol A
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Faculties, Divisions and Institutes: University Faculties, Divisions and Research Centres - OLD > Faculty of Health & Society
Date: April 2009
Date Type: Publication
Page Range: pp. 1343-1349
Journal or Publication Title: Journal Of Applied Microbiology
Volume: 106
Number: 4
Language: English
ISSN: 1364-5072
Status: Published / Disseminated
Refereed: Yes

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