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Badland and gully erosion in the Karoo, South Africa

Boardman, J. and Foster, I. D. L. (2008) Badland and gully erosion in the Karoo, South Africa. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 63(4), 121A-125A. 0022-4561.

Item Type: Article
Abstract: To the European eye, the Karoo is an ancient landscape untouched by major climate change or glaciation and evolving through erosional processes since deposition of Jurassic rocks, uplift, and the break up of Gondwana about 180 million years ago (McCarthy and Rubidge 2005). This break up marked the end of ~300 million years of sedimentation, largely under arid conditions, and a ~2 million year episode of violent volcanic eruptions and the outpouring of basaltic lava covering virtually the whole of southern Africa. Since this time, the interior of South Africa has been dominated by erosion (McCarthy and Rubidge 2005). The evidence of relatively recent landscape degradation is ubiquitous and has been noted in reports, diaries, and articles for over 100 years (Hoffman and Ashwell 2001; Hoffman et al. 1999; Beinart 2003). In many respects, the situation is similar to semiarid landscapes in the Midwestern United States and in Australia. Gully systems and, in some cases, badlands have been assigned to the influence of European farming systems and in particular to the introduction of large numbers of domesticated sheep and cattle, thus destabilizing hillslopes and impacting rivers (Patton and Schumm 1975; Fanning 1999)
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology > QE500 Dynamic and structural geology > QE570 Weathering. Erosion
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography > GB400 Geomorphology. Landforms. Terrain > GB440.S6 Geomorphology of South Africa
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General) > S622 Soil conservation and protection
Creators: Boardman, John and Foster, Ian D L
Publisher: Soil and Water Conservation Society
Faculties, Divisions and Institutes: University Faculties, Divisions and Research Centres - OLD > School of Applied Sciences (to 2009) > Environmental Science (to 2009)
Date: July 2008
Date Type: Publication
Page Range: 121A-125A
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Soil and Water Conservation
Volume: 63
Number: 4
Language: English
ISSN: 0022-4561
Status: Published / Disseminated

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