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Lowering the UK domestic radon Action Level to prevent more lung cancers - is it cost-effective?

Denman, A. R., Coskeran, T., Phillips, P. S., Crockett, R. G. M., Tornberg, R. and Groves-Kirkby, C. J. (2008) Lowering the UK domestic radon Action Level to prevent more lung cancers - is it cost-effective? Journal of Radiological Protection. 28(1), pp. 61-71. 0952-4746.

Item Type: Article
Abstract: Case studies have shown that radon gas can accumulate within domestic properties at sufficiently high levels that it can cause lung cancer, and recent studies have suggested that this risk remains significant below the UK domestic Action Level of 200 Bq m−3. Raised radon levels can be reduced by engineering measures, and it has been shown that domestic radon remediation programmes in UK Affected Areas can result in reduced risks to the population and can be cost-effective. We consider here the benefits and costs of the domestic radon remediation programme in Northamptonshire, UK, and consider the implications for that programme of reducing the UK Action Level below its present value. A radon remediation programme based on an Action Level above 200 Bq m−3 will cost less and will target those most at risk, but will be less cost-effective and will lead to higher residual dose and greater risk of cancer in the remaining population. Reducing the Action Level below 200 Bq m−3 will prevent more cancers, but at significantly higher cost. It will also be less cost-effective, because remediation of a significant number of houses with moderate radon levels will provide only a modest health benefit to occupants. Overall, a completed radon remediation programme of the type implemented in Northamptonshire is most cost-effective for an Action Level between 200 and 300 Bq m−3. The implications for future health policy are discussed
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences > GE300 Environmental management
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD885.5 Radon pollution
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA565 Environmental health
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology
Creators: Denman, Anthony R, Coskeran, Thomas, Phillips, Paul S, Crockett, Robin G M, Tornberg, R and Groves-Kirkby, Chris J
Publisher: Institute of Physics
Faculties, Divisions and Institutes: University Faculties, Divisions and Research Centres - OLD > School of Applied Sciences (to 2009) > Environmental Science (to 2009)
Date: March 2008
Date Type: Publication
Page Range: pp. 61-71
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Radiological Protection
Volume: 28
Number: 1
Language: English
ISSN: 0952-4746
Status: Published / Disseminated
Refereed: Yes

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